1. Titanium "screw" - an implant screwed into the jawbone. In accordance with the structure of the patient's jawbone, an implant of a certain length, width, with a certain number of threads and depth is selected. On the outside, the titanium implant is specially treated to increase the surface of contact with the bone and thus provide a better fusion of the dental implant with the bone (osseointegration). As a result of this process, an analogue of the tooth root is obtained so that the subsequent setting of the dental crown can be carried out.
2. Healing abutment. A specially shaped titanium abutment that is temporarily inserted into a dental implant above the gum level to create an aesthetically shaped gum around the dental implant, just like natural teeth.
3. Abutment. An analogue of the tooth shaft. After the Healing Abutment is removed, the abutment is placed and fixed in the dental implant. Depending on the choice of the patient, a metal or zirconium abutment is installed. The advantage of a metal abutment is the relatively lower price. It is suitable for patients with thick gums or in cases where the tooth is implanted deep in the mouth. On the other hand, a zirconia abutment is a more expensive but more esthetic solution if an incisor is implanted because the zirconia abutment does not show through thin gums. It is also used in cases where the patient plans to use a zirconia dental crown.
4. Dental crown. Depending on the choice of the patient, a metal-ceramic or zirconium crown is made, which is installed and fixed on the abutment. In appearance and functionality, a dental crown is identical to a natural tooth.